Research Paper on Artificial Intelligence

I. Existing technologies in artificial intelligence Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an experimental science. Its task is the re-establishment of reasonable discourses and actions by means of artificial devices. Applied aspect of artificial intelligence involves the tasks solved by computer without explicit algorithmic solutions and sometimes with unclear objectives. Moreover, it is often used “human” methods regarding how to deal with such problems. The scientific aspect of artificial intelligence concerns the explanation of the natural intelligence and simulation of human tasks. The field of artificial intelligence has begun to develop after the appearance of computers. Today, the elements of artificial intelligence are used in many spheres from household appliances to the control of nuclear power plants. The development of artificial intelligence is parallel to the acceleration of computers and advances in cognitive science. It is expected that after several decades artificial intelligence will reach human level and then exceed it. Continue reading

Essay on Automation

In order to answer the question how does a process becomes automatic we should refer to the definition of automation. “Automation or Industrial Automation is the use of computers to control industrial machinery and processes, replacing human operators. It is a step beyond mechanization, where human operators are provided with machinery to help them in their jobs” (Naresh, 2005, p. 302). From this definition we may derive that key factor distinguishing automatic process is replacement of human labor with automated one. It is not necessarily there is no human labor at all, but we expect that there is no direct labor involved in the processing. Human labor can be used to input raw materials (or other resources) for processing, define processing parameters and to control the process. According to the definition of Instrumentation, Systems, and Automation Society (ISA), automatic means “functioning without intervention by a human operator under specified conditions” (Dimon, 2002, p. 34). Continue reading