Research Paper on Working Memory: Construct Development, Scale Creation, and Process Analysis

Part I: Construct Development and Scale Creation

1) Choose a construct you would like to measure.

The construct will measure the functionality of working memory (WM) at the workplace, with the example of the performance of bookkeeping tasks.

2) Create an operational definition of your construct using at least three peer reviewed journal articles as sources as references.

Since individual’s WM capacities differ not only among people but also between different tasks or settings (Salthouse & Babcock, 1991), measurements should relate to the field of transfer, in this case – performance bookkeeping tasks. Such tasks typically require transfer of data from one medium to another, e.g. from a list to a computer (Carruthers & Espeland, 1991), and WM is typically defined as the quantity of information recalled 30 seconds after the learning phase (Baddeley, 2003). Hence, the operational definition in this domain should focus on the relative amount of pairs of financial data (i.e. name of account and a sum) recalled out of 15 pairs. Continue reading

Article Critique: “Diverse Teams: Breakdown or Breakthrough?”

1 Introduction Diverse teams’ management is among the central issues in today’s research and practice of business administration (Robbins & Coulter 2004). This kind of work arrangement correspond to the changes in modern societies (Mousumi 2008), balances the best work practices from different sources (Harzing 2004) and is considered as essential for holistic marketing operations (Kotler & Keller 2006). One possible reason for the attractiveness of diverse teams is the promise to combine two popular managerial concepts – workplace diversity and team orientation (David 2007).

Nonetheless, in order to be effective, diverse teams must be managed carefully, as their heterogeneity may also underlie unique challenges. This paper reviews a 1995 article (“the article”)by Griggs & Louw (“the authors”), which presents a study case of unsuccessful management of a diverse team and suggests some guidelines for proper management. The article is criticised in reference to its academic qualities, as well as to its relevance as a helping tool for managers. Continue reading

Research Paper on Evaluating Performance through Motivation and Conflict Management Analysis

1 Introduction One of the main objectives of the science of organizational behavior is to identify potential factors, which can influence one’s performance and/or underline both positive and negative processes at work. Two leading categories in this context are motivational factors and conflict management strategies, both of them have gained tremendous interest throughout the years and will be examined here from two perspectives: First, the predominant theories from the two fields will be examined and evaluated. Second, this paper will bring evidences from Fortune Magazine’s (2009) top four best companies to work for, which demonstrate how the theories mentioned earlier are implemented in contemporary corporate America. Finally, this paper will provide critical analysis to the major disciplines in conflict management, with an attempt to recommend on those practices that can be the most effective today. Continue reading

Management Decision Making Essay

In our habitual life, we make hundreds of decisions. Decisions could be as insignificant selection of clothes and watching TV channels as well as the choice of workplace, university or college at which to pursue an education. Due to the psychological factors, people often spend a disproportionate amount of attention to some decisions, ignoring the value of others. Many decisions are taken without proper systematic deliberation (Hammond, Keeney & Raiffa, 2002, p. 109). However, decision-making in management is a more structured process than in private life. Continue reading

Information Systems and Organizational Departments Essay

In this paper I will present results of my research findings regarding software applications that are available for different organizational departments within a company. I will concentrate on software for such organizational departments, as accounting, human resources and marketing. In the process of my research I have found out that there are plenty of solutions for each department and it is the task of the management of the company to choose the one that best suits the needs of the company, its size, financial capabilities, type of business, etc. Continue reading